One of the most important home appliance innovations in the 20th century will definitely be the microwave. The microwave introduces us to a modern new way of cooking which are easy, quick, safe and above all, healthy. No wonder that it is now a must have domestic device in millions of people homes all around the world.
In the old days, a microwave was merely used to heat up meals or make popcorn only, but thanks to the advanced innovations and technologies, a microwave can now accommodate multifunction cooking tasks, even for some dishes that were impossible to cook from microwave before. It is not only the cooking combination that makes microwave a great home appliance innovation, but it also provides you some other advanced technologies that will make your cooking experience more simple and convenient, such as power setting specialization, advanced timers preset and various cooking options. A microwave will bring a more cooking potential expansion right into your kitchen.
For people who think that every minute is precious, microwave is their very best friend because cooking using this device will only take minutes. A microwave power has been significantly increased up to 800-100 watts so that most foods will be quickly cooked. Multi-function of microwave can also replace the use of traditional oven and grill. Just with one compact device on your microwave, cooking, baking and grilling can be easily accommodated. To make it even greater, you will be amazed how microwave can give evenly browning and crisping to your meals. Simply with microwave, you can have a convenient cooking experience with a beautiful and healthy finished touch.
Like any other products, You need to choose the best microwave for better results. There are hundreds of brands and types of microwave oven available in India. Some are just averages and many cheap models are worth nothing. So if you are buying a microwave, then choose the top best microwave oven in India to enjoy tension free cooking and have delicious food every time. In this article we will discuss how to choose a microwave oven in India and also review some of the best brands of microwave oven.
Choosing The Top Microwave Oven in India 2017
Microwaves are the essential appliance for the modern day kitchen. Everyone seems to have one because they make cooking so much more simple. Consider a few things before investing in one. What is the size of your family? What is the purpose you will be using it for? Where will it fit in your kitchen? These questions will narrow your search and guide you into what size and features your microwave should have. If you have a large family and plan to use it a lot for cooking then maybe even consider a commercial microwave. As well as having more features they even cook in half the time as standard ones.
Check out the style of your microwave and how it fits into your kitchen decor. If you don’t have much space then consider one which can be mounted or can fit under the cabinet. The next thing you will want to check out is the style and design. You want a microwave that will fit with your décor. If you are short on space you may want to go with a model that can be mounted under the cabinet to save on counter space. You will want to consider the color as well so you can get one that matches with your kitchen accessories.
Some people like the microwave ovens that have the convection feature have the ability to circulate the air inside to give a browning effect to the foods it cooks while others just want the microwave to do the basics. Some of the extra features that people look for would be the preprogrammed buttons that make using it a breeze. Buying a microwave is easy when you know the basics of what one does and what you want it to do for you. Shop around and check out the different models so you can be sure to get the microwave that is right for you. By using this simple microwave buying guide you will be sure to get the right microwave for you.
Make a list of the things that are important to you where the microwave oven is concerned. You want to list things such as; color, style, power, convenience and additional features. You may also want to check to see what type of warranty comes with it from the manufacture as well as the store that you purchase it from. Look around on the internet so when you go to the store you will have a clear idea of what you want.
Microwave oven Basic Model
For sheer simplicity, a microwave-only option will heat up, defrost, steam and reheat food. These models demonstrate all the features of a standard microwave oven, but with the added convenience of a grill. Convection cooking uses a rear fan to circulate hot air on all sides of the dish, creating crusty baked goods and juicy meats. Convection microwave ovens (sometimes referred to as a combi ovens) are more versatile than conventional microwaves, offering numerous cooking functions in the same compact form. Use it for ready meals, soup or vegetables – the options are endlessly convenient.
- This is ideal for grilling fish and meat, or simply crisping and browning the outside of your food.
- It even offers a browning option to simulate the same cooking as a broiler.
- Built-in microwave ovens are likely to appeal to anyone who is having their kitchen remodelled.
- This is the most common type of microwave.
- Also a great 2-in1 option for if you need to save on space.
- Sometimes called ‘solo’ microwaves, these basic microwaves are great for simple tasks, such as reheating a forgotten cup of coffee, warming up soup, cooking jacket potatoes or heating ready meals.
- They can become a design feature of your new space and keep counter tops clear.
Counter top Microwave Oven
They generally cost less and are significantly easier to install than other models. Shortcut keys help you choose the right time and temperature via preset cycles for popular foods and drinks, like popcorn, pizza and hot beverages. You can also use them to defrost food. Microwaves range in price from around $149 to $650 – we’ve even reviewed a $49 Kmart model. Just find a spot on the counter for it to sit, plug it into an obliging outlet, and start using it right away. Some shortcuts allow you to add time to the cycle without stopping the oven, while other shortcuts include defrost and reheat options. A basic microwave is a good option if you just want to complete simple heating tasks more quickly than is possible in a conventional gas or electric oven. It’s a big price gap, so what are you getting for those extra dollars?
Microwave Oven with Grills
The biggest issue with the counter top variety is the counter space it requires. Perhaps the most intriguing shortcut softens and melts, making it perfect for ice cream and chocolate. But basic microwaves don’t brown food, so they’re unable to compete with ovens and cookers on jobs such as grilling or roasting meat. Usually it’s brand name, a larger cooking capacity and design elements (who knew red paint was so expensive?). If those are important to you, prepare to front up the extra cash. If you have limited room, you may either want to look at the smaller countertop models available or consider another style of microwave altogether.
Size matters. A microwave’s power is measured in wattage, with typical models ranging from around 800W to 1,500W. Of course, you don’t want it to fail in its first five years, so reliability is also important. Depending on the model you buy, a microwave oven can: Brown, roast, and grill foods like a conventional oven; prepare specific recipes using a pre-programmed touch keypad; cook entire meals without overheating your kitchen; automatically shut off when a sensor determines the food is done. Before you go shopping, determine how much kitchen space you’re willing to give up for the microwave—and how you’re planning to use the appliance.
Over the range Microwave oven
Bigger may be better in this instance, but consider these factors before taking the plunge. Many kitchens now have a dedicated space for a microwave – you’ll need to measure that gap and look for something that fits. What features should your new microwave oven offer? If you’re feeding a family, go for a bigger oven (1.2 cubic feet or more) that can handle large dishes, like casseroles and lasagnas. Higher wattage means faster cooking food, however if you’re only using it for the occasional ready meal, this may not be very important.
If you don’t have a spot carved out, the microwave is going to take up your precious bench space, so think about how much you’re willing to sacrifice. In this article, we’ll help you determine the unit that best fits your needs and lifestyle. Pressed for room on the countertop? On the other hand, a more powerful microwave may be a good idea if you’re knocking up big meals for the whole family. This type of microwave combines the benefits of a convection oven, which uses fanned hot air, and a grill.
Size and Price
We’ll also discuss pricing and important questions to ask before making your purchase. Manufacturers are making models as small as .5 cubic feet that do a great job for just heating up soups or coffee. If you buy a conventional microwave, chances are it will have limited functions such as heating and defrosting food. They’re fast and economical, halving the cooking time for many foods. Another very common style of microwave, the over the range style usually offers a few bonus options for being located above the range. Beyond the basics of heating and cooking, microwave ovens now have options such as a convection mode for even cooking and browning, and steam cooking for a healthier approach to heating.
However, more advanced models may have baking, roasting and grilling options, as well as one-touch pre-programmed settings that mean you don’t have to guess how long to cook your food for. They offer flexibility and convenience; you can microwave, grill or oven cook either at the same time, or independently, at the touch of a button. Some over the range microwaves are convection that offers the use of radiant heat with fan circulation and microwaves to cook food. Some microwaves feature a built-in coffeemaker or toaster. Make sure to investigate the available settings and controls to gauge how easy they are to navigate, as well as the likelihood you will use them. You can even use your combination microwave to cook your entire Sunday roast. Most, if not all, over the range microwaves provide a ventilation system to remove cooking vapors and circulate air around the range. Whatever your upgrade preferences, a few of the basic functions should include proper wattage, defrost mode, a large enough turntable, and easy-to-read (and clean) buttons or icons for programming. Depending on your kitchen, you can choose from countertop, over-the-range, and built-in microwaves.
OTR microwaves are also designed to match ranges in design. Note that the size of the unit doesn’t always translate to usable cooking space. However, today with the prevalence with high output BTU kitchen ranges, it may not be a good idea to use an OTR microwave because it is not as effective as a ventilation hood to remove smoke and grease. Our research shows that usable capacity for tested microwaves is about 50 percent of what manufacturers claim. Also, high performing ranges generate a very large amount of heat which is detrimental for an OTR as well. We measure the amount of space you can actually use. More watts typically mean more cooking power, but differences of 100 watts or so don’t matter much. Watts are noted in the Features & Specs tab in our microwave Ratings. Prices, usable capacity, and watts presented below are based on our tested models.
Microwave oven cooking – is it dangerous for health?
Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic energy, like light waves or radio waves, and occupy a part of the electromagnetic spectrum of power, or energy. When used according to manufacturers’ instructions, microwave ovens are safe and convenient for heating and cooking a variety of foods. There are numerous issues that have emerged since microwave ovens were first introduced to consumers more than 40 years ago, besides depleting your food’s nutritional value, which will be addressed a bit later. Understanding how microwave ovens work can help clarify the answer to this common question. Microwaves are very short waves of electromagnetic energy that travel at the speed of light (186,282 miles per second). In our modern technological age, microwaves are used to relay long distance telephone signals, television programs, and computer information across the earth or to a satellite in space.
- However, several precautions need to be taken, specifically with regards to potential exposure to microwaves, thermal burns and food handling.
- The first thing you probably noticed when you began microwaving food was how uneven the heating is.”Hot spots” in microwaved food can be hot enough to cause burns—or build up to a “steam explosion.” This has resulted in admonitions to new mothers about NOT using the microwave to heat up baby bottles, since babies have been burned by super-heated formula that went undetected.
- Microwave ovens cook food using waves of energy that are similar to radio waves but shorter.
- But the microwave is most familiar to us as an energy source for cooking food.
- The design of microwave ovens ensures that the microwaves are contained within the oven and can only be present when the oven is switched on and the door is shut.
- Additionally, there’s no evidence that microwaves adversely affect the nutrient profile of foods.
- These waves are remarkably selective, primarily affecting water and other molecules that are electrically asymmetrical — one end positively charged and the other negatively charged.
How Microwave Works
Every microwave oven contains a magnetron, a tube in which electrons are affected by magnetic and electric fields in such a way as to produce micro wavelength radiation at about 2450 Mega Hertz (MHz) or 2.45 Giga Hertz (GHz). This microwave radiation interacts with the molecules in food. Leakage around and through the glass door is limited by design to a level well below that recommended by international standards. Because microwaves are a relatively new device, I prefer to think of them as “guilty until proven innocent” rather than the other way around, but given what we know about EM radiation and its effects on food molecules, there isn’t really a mechanism by which microwaves could destroy nutrients other than heat.
Microwaves cause these molecules to vibrate and quickly build up thermal (heat) energy. All wave energy changes polarity from positive to negative with each cycle of the wave. However, microwave leakage could still occur around damaged, dirty or modified microwave ovens. And heat, of course, is an issue regardless of cooking method! Some nutrients break down when they’re exposed to heat, whether it is from a microwave or a regular oven. In microwaves, these polarity changes happen millions of times every second. Unlike ionising radiation from nuclear energy, low frequency electromagnetic energy (microwave ovens use a frequency of around 2,450 Mhz) has “little or no ability to break strong chemical bonds,” Steele says. In order for something to heat in a microwave oven, water must be present within the substance. Vitamin C is perhaps the clearest example. Food molecules – especially the molecules of water – have a positive and negative end in the same way a magnet has a north and a south polarity.
Do Microwave destroy nutrients present in food
For this reason, there is not any substantiated evidence it causes undue chemical changes in food and creates toxins, he says. If water is not present, heating will not occur and it would remain cool. But because microwave cooking times are shorter, cooking with a microwave does a better job of preserving vitamin C and other nutrients that break down when heated. Although heat is produced directly in the food, microwave ovens do not cook food from the “inside out.” When thick foods are cooked, the outer layers are heated and cooked primarily by microwaves while the inside is cooked mainly by the conduction of heat from the hot outer layers. But what about nutrition?
The reason for this is that water molecules within the food vibrate at incredible speeds, creating molecular friction which is responsible for the heating of the food. The health benefits of vitamin B-12 are instantly negated once heated in a microwave. Microwave cooking can be more energy efficient than conventional cooking because foods cook faster and the energy heats only the food, not the whole oven compartment. The majority of research suggests microwave cooking is just as nutritious as other methods and may have some benefits.”In general, because you are able to heat food much more rapidly, retention of vitamins is higher,” Steele says. The structure of the water molecules are torn apart and vigorously deformed.
In a study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers decided to examine the effects of microwave heating on the loss of vitamin B-12 in foods like raw beef, pork, and milk. Microwave cooking does not reduce the nutritional value of foods any more than conventional cooking. And nutrient retention, especially for the water soluble vitamins B and C, is better than other cooking methods such as boiling where the water soluble vitamins are often thrown out with the water. This is much different than any other method of cooking, as other methods such as convection ovens heat up food by transferring heat convectionally from the outside inward. The results of the study show there was a 30 to 40 percent loss of the vitamin when the foods received microwave exposure.
In fact, foods cooked in a microwave oven may keep more of their vitamins and minerals, because microwave ovens can cook more quickly and without adding water. The design of modern microwave ovens is such that the microwaves should be contained within the oven, but it is still possible for some leakage to occur around the doors of certain microwave ovens. The shift of vitamin B-12 to an inactive form of the vitamin was found in foods during the microwave heating process. We have a love-hate relationship with our microwave ovens. Generally, the required design of oven doors should restrict this leakage to a level well below that recommended by the Australian/New Zealand Standard… The recommended limit is conservative and includes significant safety factors, so that even leakage levels appreciably above the limit will have no known effect on human health.
Microwaves break chemical and molecular bonds, and can literally rip atoms apart, disrupting the basic biochemical structures of life. About 90 percent of us own one; they’re ubiquitous in restaurants, coffeeshops, airports, even corner convenience stores. It’s no wonder foods cooked in such a way become so harmful to consume.Government and industry studies suggest they pose no threat, but a growing body of knowledge now contradicts those claims. But we’re also nervous about those little black (silver, red, grey….) boxes that haunt our kitchen countertops. Stories detailing the dangers of microwaved food permeate the internet. Yet it takes only a quick skim and a smattering of scientific literacy to see that most of the claims made in those stories are based on poor science, rumors, fear mongering, and conspiracy theory.